Julian's research focuses on the analysis of contracts in an international and a domestic context using quantitative and data science methods, such as text analysis and machine learning. His current project explores the use of forum selection clauses in material contracts of SEC registrants. In addition, he investigates ways to encourage readership and understanding of consumer contracts using automated text analysis. Before coming to Columbia, Julian received a law degree from the University of Hamburg Law School, as well as an LL.M. and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. For more information, including Julian's CV, research, data and code, please visit his personal website.